Difference between revisions of "Web-server-stack"

(Databases)
(Email Servers)
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=== Email Servers ===
 
=== Email Servers ===
* {{Package|mail-mta/postfix}}
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* {{Package|mail-mta/postfix}} <-- default in Funtoo
 
* {{Package|mail-mta/ssmtp}}
 
* {{Package|mail-mta/ssmtp}}
 
* {{Package|mail-mta/exim}}
 
* {{Package|mail-mta/exim}}

Revision as of 06:06, December 1, 2014

Pre-install considerations

ssl

Ssl wild card certificates can use the same certificate to cover several subdomain names. As in https://wiki.funtoo.org https://www.funtoo.org https://forums.funtoo.org can all use the same certificate. https://funtoo.org would not be covered under the wildcard, so Threesixes (talk) suggests using http://domain.tld as a http navigation splash page directory. All that is required to setup a ca signed ssl certificate is an email on the server. https://www.startssl.com offers free ssl ca certificates, though there are several other certificate providers. Many web apps require you set your URL & will have problems if your URL is set to http://, rather than https://

sockets vs tcp stack

Sockets have less overhead but can not be shared across jails, or to other machines. Tcp stack has more overhead but is far more flexible.

Email Servers

  • Postfix <-- default in Funtoo
  • mail-mta/ssmtp (package not on wiki - please add)
  • mail-mta/exim (package not on wiki - please add)
  • mail-mta/sendmail (package not on wiki - please add)
  • mail-mta/nullmailer (package not on wiki - please add)

FTP Servers

It is common practice to use FTP servers to host files for downloading.

Webserver

Web servers come in several varieties. The most common stack is known as LAMP which stands for linux apache mysql php. Threesixes (talk) suggests setting up the web server stack by selecting the database first, then scripting language second, and web server 3rd.

Databases

mariadb is a drop in replacement for mysql <-- default in Funtoo

percona is a drop in replacement for mysql

  • dev-db/percona-server (package not on wiki - please add)
  • dev-db/postgresql-server (package not on wiki - please add)
  • dev-db/sqlite (package not on wiki - please add)

Languages

Web Servers


Reverse Proxies & load balancing

Reverse proxies are useful, they cache static data, and shuck out cached pages rather than hitting the web server. Several web servers have this functionality built in.

Post install

There are several considerations to take into account with a web server install, such as setting up an email server, setting up a firewall, firewalling web applications, and dynamically firewalling attackers.

Firewalls

Dynamic Firewalling

Benchmarking

It's a good idea to benchmark your system, server, & websites. There are several tools to assist you in doing this.