Difference between pages "Install/ru/Partitioning" and "Package:Xfce4-settings"

< Install‎ | ru(Difference between pages)
(Введение)
 
(Added information about configuring the Desktop)
 
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<noinclude>
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{{Ebuild
{{InstallPart|процесс разбиения диска и создания файловых систем}}
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|Summary=The configuration system for XFCE
</noinclude>
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|CatPkg=xfce-base/xfce4-settings
=== Подготовка жесткого диска ===
+
|Homepage=http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/xfce4-settings/start
 +
}}
 +
{{c|xfce4-settings}} provides two main utilities used to configure key components of the XFCE desktop environment:
 +
* {{c|xfce4-settings-editor}}: Provides a {{c|dconf-editor}}-like interface used to configure components of XFCE ranging from Thunar to the XFCE notification daemon.
 +
* {{c|xfce4-settings-manager}}: Allows users to configure the same components as can be configured in the {{c|xfce4-settings-editor}} but provides a more easy to understand interface for configuration.
  
В этой части  мы научимся различным способам установки Funtoo Linux -- и загрузки с -- жесткого диска.
+
== Installation ==
 +
If you have already installed the XFCE desktop environment using the {{c|xfce4-meta}} package, {{c|xfce4-settings}} should be installed. Also, if you have installed an XFCE program such as thunar in another desktop environment or window manager such as Openbox or KDE, {{c|xfce4-settings}} is probably installed on your system too. If, for some reason, the program is not installed in either of those cases and you wish to emerge it, run the command:
 +
{{console|body=
 +
###i## emerge xfce4-settings
 +
}}
  
==== Введение ====
+
After the emerge has finished, you can check that the package was successfully installed by running the command {{c|xfce4-settings-manager}} or by launching the program from your dock. If the package did install, you should be greeted with a window titled "Settings" that is divided into several sections with names like "Personal" and "Hardware." If the program does not launch after repeated attempts, consider filing a bug report at [http://bugs.funtoo.org Funtoo Bugs].
  
В прежние времена существовал лишь один способ загрузить PC-совместимый компьютер. Все наши дектопы и сервера имели стандартный PC BIOS, все наши харды использовали MBR и были разбиты используя схему разбивки MBR. Вот как это все было и нам это нравилось!
+
== Usage ==
 +
To run {{c|xfce4-settings-manager}} in XFCE, navigate to the applications menu in your panel, go to "Settings" and then select "Settings Manager." Alternately, you can open your terminal emulator and type "xfce4-settings-manager" and press enter to launch the program. In other desktop environments, launch the program as you would any other.
  
Затем появились EFI и UEFI, встроенные программы нового образца наряду со схемой разбивки GPT, поддерживающая диски размером более 2.2TБ. Неожиданно, нам стали доступны различные способы установки и загрузки Линукс систем . То, что было единым методом, стало чем-то более сложным.
+
=== Appearance ({{c|xfce4-appearance-settings}}) ===
 +
==== Style ====
 +
After clicking on the "Appearance" subsection in the section "Personal," you will find yourself in a tab titled "Style." This tab allows you to select the GTK+ theme that you would like to use from a list of themes that are currently installed in either {{c|/usr/share/themes}} or {{c|~/.themes}}. The three colored boxes to the left of the theme name show the theme's colors. To select a GTK+ theme as default, simply click on it and your theme will change immediately.  
 +
{{note|If the theme does not change when clicked, double check to see that you are launching XFCE with the {{c|--with-ck-launch parameter}}. Theming using {{c|xfce4-settings-manager}} does not seem to work without it.}}
  
Воспользуемся моментом и рассмотрим доступные способы конфигурации жесткого диска для загрузки Funtoo Linux. This Install Guide uses, and recommends, the old-school method of BIOS booting and using an MBR. It works and (except for rare cases) is universally supported. There's nothing wrong with it. If your system disk is 2TB or smaller in size, it won't prevent you from using all of your disk's capacity, either.
+
==== Icons ====
 +
To select the default icon theme for XFCE, click on the tab with the text "Icons." This tab, not surprisingly, allows you to edit your icon theme. To change your icon theme, click on the one that you like and the theme will change immediately. If it does not, read the above note.
 +
{{tip|To install new icon themes, extract an icon theme to either {{c|/usr/share/icons}} (for every user on the system) or to {{c|~/.icons}} (for just you).}}
  
But, there are some situations where the old-school method isn't optimal. If you have a system disk >2TB in size, then MBR partitions won't allow you to access all your storage. So that's one reason. Another reason is that there are some so-called "PC" systems out there that don't support BIOS booting anymore, and force you to use UEFI to boot. So, out of compassion for people who fall into this predicament, this Install Guide documents UEFI booting too.
+
==== Fonts ====
 +
To change the default font, the DPI value of the current font, or to enable font anti-aliasing, click on the "Fonts" tab. The default font can be changed quite easily by selecting the box under "Default Font." Selecting this box will bring up a list of all the different font families that are currently installed on your system, along with the available styles for each font family. To change your font, choose the appropriate font family, style, and size and the click the button labeled "OK" at the bottom right of the window. Your font should change immediately. If it does not, the above note may help to solve the problem. A nice default font is "Ubuntu Regular 10," provided by the {{c|ubuntu-font-family}} package which can easily be installed using the following command:
 +
{{console|body=
 +
###i## emerge ubuntu-font-family
 +
}}
 +
If you are unhappy with the scaling of the fonts in XFCE, perhaps because you are using a hiDPI display, consider increasing the value next to "Custom DPI setting." Finally, to make many fonts appear more crisp and well-defined, increase the value in "Hinting" to "Medium" or "Full."
  
Our recommendation is still to go old-school unless you have reason not to. The boot loader we will be using to load the Linux kernel in this guide is called GRUB, so we call this method the '''BIOS + GRUB (MBR)''' method. It's the traditional method of setting up a PC-compatible system to boot Linux.
+
==== Settings ====
 
+
If you do not like having images in menus or buttons or you would like to change the way that toolbars are displayed, navigate to the "Settings" tab. To modify how toolbars appear in GTK+ applications, modify the "Toolbar Style" dropdown to your pleasing. Here is what the different toolbar styles look like:
If you need to use UEFI to boot, we recommend not using the MBR at all for booting, as some systems support this, but others don't. Instead, we recommend using UEFI to boot GRUB, which in turn will load Linux. We refer to this method as the '''UEFI + GRUB (GPT)''' method.
+
 
+
And yes, there are even more methods, some of which are documented on the [[Boot Methods]] page. We used to recommend a '''BIOS + GRUB (GPT)''' method but it is not consistently supported across a wide variety of hardware.
+
 
+
'''The big question is -- which boot method should you use?''' Here's how to tell.
+
 
+
;Principle 1 - Old School: If you can reliably boot System Rescue CD and it shows you an initial light blue menu, you are booting the CD using the BIOS, and it's likely that you can thus boot Funtoo Linux using the BIOS. So, go old-school and use BIOS booting, ''unless'' you have some reason to use UEFI, such as having a >2.2TB system disk. In that case, see Principle 2, as your system may also support UEFI booting.
+
 
+
;Principle 2 - New School: If you can reliably boot System Rescue CD and it shows you an initial black and white menu -- congratulations, your system is configured to support UEFI booting. This means that you are ready to install Funtoo Linux to boot via UEFI. Your system may still support BIOS booting, but just be trying UEFI first. You can poke around in your BIOS boot configuration and play with this.
+
 
+
;What's the Big Difference between Old School and New School?: Here's the deal. If you go with old-school MBR partitions, your <code>/boot</code> partition will be an ext2 filesystem, and you'll use <code>fdisk</code> to create your MBR partitions. If you go with new-school GPT partitions and UEFI booting, your <code>/boot</code> partition will be a vfat filesystem, because this is what UEFI is able to read, and you will use <code>gdisk</code> to create your GPT partitions. And you'll install GRUB a bit differently. That's about all it comes down to, in case you were curious.
+
 
+
;Also Note: To install Funtoo Linux to boot via the New School UEFI method, you must boot System Rescue CD using UEFI -- and see an initial black and white screen. Otherwise, UEFI will not be active and you will not be able to set it up!
+
 
+
{{Note|'''Some motherboards may appear to support UEFI, but don't.''' Do your research. For example, the Award BIOS in my Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD7 rev 1.1 has an option to enable UEFI boot for CD/DVD. '''This is not sufficient for enabling UEFI boot for hard drives and installing Funtoo Linux.''' UEFI must be supported for both removable media (so you can boot System Rescue CD using UEFI) as well as fixed media (so you can boot your new Funtoo Linux installation.) It turns out that later revisions of this board (rev 3.0) have a new BIOS that fully supports UEFI boot.  This may point to a third principle -- know thy hardware.}}
+
 
+
==== Old-School (BIOS/MBR) Method ====
+
 
+
{{Note|Use this method if you are booting using your BIOS, and if your System Rescue CD initial boot menu was light blue. If you're going to use the new-school method, [[#New-School (UEFI/GPT) Method|click here to jump down to UEFI/GPT.]]}}
+
 
+
===== Preparation =====
+
 
+
First, it's a good idea to make sure that you've found the correct hard disk to partition. Try this command and verify that <code>/dev/sda</code> is the disk that you want to partition:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##fdisk -l /dev/sda
+
 
+
Disk /dev/sda: 640.1 GB, 640135028736 bytes, 1250263728 sectors
+
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
+
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
+
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
+
Disk label type: gpt
+
 
+
 
+
#        Start          End    Size  Type            Name
+
1        2048  1250263694  596.2G  Linux filesyste Linux filesystem
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now, it's recommended that you erase any existing MBR or GPT partition tables on the disk, which could confuse the system's BIOS at boot time. We do this using <code>sgdisk</code>:
+
{{fancywarning|This will make any existing partitions inaccessible! You are '''strongly''' cautioned and advised to backup any critical data before proceeding.}}
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##sgdisk --zap-all /dev/sda
+
 
+
Creating new GPT entries.
+
GPT data structures destroyed! You may now partition the disk using fdisk or
+
other utilities.
+
</console>
+
 
+
This output is also nothing to worry about, as the command still succeded:
+
 
+
<console>
+
***************************************************************
+
Found invalid GPT and valid MBR; converting MBR to GPT format
+
in memory.
+
***************************************************************
+
</console>
+
 
+
===== Partitioning =====
+
 
+
Now we will use <code>fdisk</code> to create the MBR partition table and partitions:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##fdisk /dev/sda
+
</console>
+
 
+
Within <code>fdisk</code>, follow these steps:
+
 
+
'''Empty the partition table''':
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command (m for help): ##i##o ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 1''' (boot):
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command (m for help): ##i##n ↵
+
Partition type (default p): ##i##↵
+
Partition number (1-4, default 1): ##i##↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##+128M ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 2''' (swap):
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command (m for help): ##i##n ↵
+
Partition type (default p): ##i##↵
+
Partition number (2-4, default 2): ##i##↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##+2G ↵
+
Command (m for help): ##i##t ↵
+
Partition number (1,2, default 2): ##i## ↵
+
Hex code (type L to list all codes): ##i##82 ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create the root partition:'''
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command (m for help): ##i##n ↵
+
Partition type (default p): ##i##↵
+
Partition number (3,4, default 3): ##i##↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Verify the partition table:'''
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command (m for help): ##i##p
+
 
+
Disk /dev/sda: 298.1 GiB, 320072933376 bytes, 625142448 sectors
+
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
+
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
+
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
+
Disklabel type: dos
+
Disk identifier: 0x82abc9a6
+
 
+
Device    Boot    Start      End    Blocks  Id System
+
/dev/sda1          2048    264191    131072  83 Linux
+
/dev/sda2        264192  4458495  2097152  82 Linux swap / Solaris
+
/dev/sda3        4458496 625142447 310341976  83 Linux
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Write the parition table to disk:'''
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+
<console>
+
Command (m for help): ##i##w
+
</console>
+
 
+
Your new MBR partition table will now be written to your system disk.
+
 
+
{{Note|You're done with partitioning! Now, jump over to [[#Creating filesystems|Creating filesystems]].}}
+
 
+
==== New-School (UEFI/GPT) Method ====
+
 
+
{{Note|Use this method if you are booting using UEFI, and if your System Rescue CD initial boot menu was black and white. If it was light blue, this method will not work.}}
+
 
+
The <tt>gdisk</tt> commands to create a GPT partition table are as follows. Adapt sizes as necessary, although these defaults will work for most users. Start <code>gdisk</code>:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##gdisk
+
</console>
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+
Within <tt>gdisk</tt>, follow these steps:
+
 
+
'''Create a new empty partition table''' (This ''will'' erase all data on the disk when saved):
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+
<console>
+
Command: ##i##o ↵
+
This option deletes all partitions and creates a new protective MBR.
+
Proceed? (Y/N): ##i##y ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 1''' (boot):
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+
<console>
+
Command: ##i##n ↵
+
Partition Number: ##i##1 ↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##+500M ↵
+
Hex Code: ##i##↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 2''' (swap):
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+
<console>
+
Command: ##i##n ↵
+
Partition Number: ##i##2 ↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##+4G ↵
+
Hex Code: ##i##8200 ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 3''' (root):
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command: ##i##n ↵
+
Partition Number: ##i##3 ↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##↵##!i## (for rest of disk)
+
Hex Code: ##i##↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
Along the way, you can type "<tt>p</tt>" and hit Enter to view your current partition table. If you make a mistake, you can type "<tt>d</tt>" to delete an existing partition that you created. When you are satisfied with your partition setup, type "<tt>w</tt>" to write your configuration to disk:
+
 
+
'''Write Partition Table To Disk''':
+
 
+
<console>
+
Command: ##i##w ↵
+
Do you want to proceed? (Y/N): ##i##Y ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
The partition table will now be written to disk and <tt>gdisk</tt> will close.
+
 
+
Now, your GPT/GUID partitions have been created, and will show up as the following ''block devices'' under Linux:
+
 
+
* <tt>/dev/sda1</tt>, which will be used to hold the <tt>/boot</tt> filesystem,
+
* <tt>/dev/sda2</tt>, which will be used for swap space, and
+
* <tt>/dev/sda3</tt>, which will hold your root filesystem.
+
 
+
==== Creating filesystems ====
+
 
+
{{Note|This section covers both BIOS ''and'' UEFI installs. Don't skip it!}}
+
 
+
Before your newly-created partitions can be used, the block devices need to be initialized with filesystem ''metadata''. This process is known as ''creating a filesystem'' on the block devices. After filesystems are created on the block devices, they can be mounted and used to store files.
+
 
+
Let's keep this simple. Are you using old-school MBR partitions? If so, let's create an ext2 filesystem on /dev/sda1:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda1
+
</console>
+
 
+
If you're using new-school GPT partitions for UEFI, you'll want to create a vfat filesystem on /dev/sda1, because this is what UEFI is able to read:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/sda1
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now, let's create a swap partition. This partition will be used as disk-based virtual memory for your Funtoo Linux system.
+
 
+
You will not create a filesystem on your swap partition, since it is not used to store files. But it is necessary to initialize it using the <code>mkswap</code> command. Then we'll run the <code>swapon</code> command to make your newly-initialized swap space immediately active within the live CD environment, in case it is needed during the rest of the install process:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkswap /dev/sda2
+
# ##i##swapon /dev/sda2
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now, we need to create a root filesystem. This is where Funtoo Linux will live. We generally recommend ext4 or XFS root filesystems. If you're not sure, choose ext4. Here's how to create a root ext4 filesystem:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3
+
</console>
+
 
+
...and here's how to create an XFS root filesystem, if you choose to use XFS:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkfs.xfs /dev/sda3
+
</console>
+
 
+
Your filesystems (and swap) have all now been initialized, so that that can be mounted (attached to your existing directory heirarchy) and used to store files. We are ready to begin installing Funtoo Linux on these brand-new filesystems.
+
 
+
{{fancywarning|1=
+
When deploying an OpenVZ host, please use ext4 exclusively. The Parallels development team tests extensively with ext4, and modern versions of <code>openvz-rhel6-stable</code> are '''not''' compatible with XFS, and you may experience kernel bugs.
+
}}
+
  
==== Mounting filesystems ====
+
{{TableStart}}
 +
<tr class="info"><th>Style</th><th>Preview</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td>Icons</td><td>[[File:xfce4-settings_toolbar_icons.png]]</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>Text</td><td>[[File:xfce4-settings_toolbar_text.png]]</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>Text under icons</td><td>[[File:xfce4-settings_toolbar_text_under_icons.png]]</td></tr>
 +
{{TableEnd}}
 +
To add or remove images on GTK+ buttons, check or uncheck the checkbox adjacent to "Show images on buttons." To remove those ''pesky'' little icons in menus, uncheck "Show images in menus."
  
Mount the newly-created filesystems as follows, creating <code>/mnt/funtoo</code> as the installation mount point:
+
=== Desktop ({{c|xfdesktop-settings}}) ===
 +
The desktop section of {{c|xfce4-settings}} is, not surprisingly, focused on the customization of the XFCE desktop. It includes options to customize the wallpaper, desktop icons, and desktop menus.
  
<console>
+
==== Background ====
# ##i##mkdir /mnt/funtoo
+
The first tab of the desktop section is titled "Background." This tab provides configuration options for the wallpaper of your XFCE desktop. To change the wallpaper for the current desktop, take note of the directory in which you have stored the image that you want to set as your wallpaper {{c|~/Pictures/Wallpapers/}}, for example. Then, click the box next to "Folder" in the bottom of the Background tab. When you click this box, you will get a menu displaying some directories where your photos could be located. If the picture you wish to use is not in any of the listed directories, select "Other..." and a dialog called "select a file will open." Now, navigate to the parent directory of the directory in which your wallpapers are stored ({{c|~/Pictures}} in my case) and click on the icon for that directory (should be called {{c|Wallpapers}} for me). After selecting that directory, click "Open" in the bottom right of the "Select a file" dialog. Now you should be able to choose the wallpaper that you wanted from the "Wallpaper for my desktop" box in the Background tab. To change to that wallpaper, simply click on the image of the desired wallpaper and your background should change immediately.
# ##i##mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/funtoo
+
# ##i##mkdir /mnt/funtoo/boot
+
# ##i##mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/funtoo/boot
+
</console>
+
  
Optionally, if you have a separate filesystem for <code>/home</code> or anything else:
+
==== Menus ====
 +
The "Menus" tab controls the appearance of menus that appear on your desktop when you right and middle click.
  
<console>
+
==== Icons ====
# ##i##mkdir /mnt/funtoo/home
+
Clicking on the tab labeled "Icons" allows you to customize the appearance of desktop icons. If you do not like having icons on your desktop and have struggled to find a way to remove the "Home," "Filesystem," and "Trash" icons from your desktop, you're in luck! Go to the bottom of the configuration dialog and uncheck all of the boxes in the "Default Icons" box. One by one, those pesky little icons will fade away into the nothingness that they deserve. Conversely, if you love desktop icons, you can always add more by right clicking on your desktop and selecting the appropriate "Create *" option in the menu that appears.
# ##i##mount /dev/sda4 /mnt/funtoo/home
+
</console>
+
  
If you have <code>/tmp</code> or <code>/var/tmp</code> on a separate filesystem, be sure to change the permissions of the mount point to be globally-writeable after mounting, as follows:
+
To remove the large tooltips that appear when you hover over an icon on your desktop, uncheck the box "Show icon tooltips" in {{c|xfce4-settings}}. You can also shrink the size of the tooltip icon, and hence the tooltip itself, by decreasing the value in the box next to "Size:"
  
<console>
+
{{warning|The rest of this page is still 'under construction.'}}
# ##i##chmod 1777 /mnt/funtoo/tmp
+
=== File Manager ({{c|thunar-settings}}) ===
</console>
+
{{EbuildFooter}}

Revision as of 14:07, April 1, 2015

xfce-base/xfce4-settings


Source Repository:Repository:Gentoo Portage Tree

http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/xfce4-settings/start

Summary: The configuration system for XFCE

Use Flags

libinput
Enable libinput Xorg driver (x11-drivers/xf86-input-libinput) support
libcanberra
Enable sound event support using media-libs/libcanberra
xklavier
Enable keyboard layout selection support using x11-libs/libxklavier

News

Drobbins

Perl Updates

Gentoo has bumped perl from 5.20 to 5.22. Be sure to run perl-cleaner --all after the upgrade.
2015-07-25 by Drobbins
Drobbins

ARM Rebuild

ARM systems will use new stage3's that are not compatible with earlier versions.
2015-06-27 by Drobbins
Drobbins

ABI X86 64 and 32

Funtoo Linux has new 32-bit compatibility libraries inherited from Gentoo. Learn about them here.
2015-06-18 by Drobbins
More...

Xfce4-settings

Tip

We welcome improvements to this page. To edit this page, Create a Funtoo account. Then log in and then click here to edit this page. See our editing guidelines to becoming a wiki-editing pro.

xfce4-settings provides two main utilities used to configure key components of the XFCE desktop environment:

  • xfce4-settings-editor: Provides a dconf-editor-like interface used to configure components of XFCE ranging from Thunar to the XFCE notification daemon.
  • xfce4-settings-manager: Allows users to configure the same components as can be configured in the xfce4-settings-editor but provides a more easy to understand interface for configuration.

Installation

If you have already installed the XFCE desktop environment using the xfce4-meta package, xfce4-settings should be installed. Also, if you have installed an XFCE program such as thunar in another desktop environment or window manager such as Openbox or KDE, xfce4-settings is probably installed on your system too. If, for some reason, the program is not installed in either of those cases and you wish to emerge it, run the command:

# emerge xfce4-settings


After the emerge has finished, you can check that the package was successfully installed by running the command xfce4-settings-manager or by launching the program from your dock. If the package did install, you should be greeted with a window titled "Settings" that is divided into several sections with names like "Personal" and "Hardware." If the program does not launch after repeated attempts, consider filing a bug report at Funtoo Bugs.

Usage

To run xfce4-settings-manager in XFCE, navigate to the applications menu in your panel, go to "Settings" and then select "Settings Manager." Alternately, you can open your terminal emulator and type "xfce4-settings-manager" and press enter to launch the program. In other desktop environments, launch the program as you would any other.

Appearance (xfce4-appearance-settings)

Style

After clicking on the "Appearance" subsection in the section "Personal," you will find yourself in a tab titled "Style." This tab allows you to select the GTK+ theme that you would like to use from a list of themes that are currently installed in either /usr/share/themes or ~/.themes. The three colored boxes to the left of the theme name show the theme's colors. To select a GTK+ theme as default, simply click on it and your theme will change immediately.

Note

If the theme does not change when clicked, double check to see that you are launching XFCE with the --with-ck-launch parameter. Theming using xfce4-settings-manager does not seem to work without it.

Icons

To select the default icon theme for XFCE, click on the tab with the text "Icons." This tab, not surprisingly, allows you to edit your icon theme. To change your icon theme, click on the one that you like and the theme will change immediately. If it does not, read the above note.

Tip

To install new icon themes, extract an icon theme to either /usr/share/icons (for every user on the system) or to ~/.icons (for just you).

Fonts

To change the default font, the DPI value of the current font, or to enable font anti-aliasing, click on the "Fonts" tab. The default font can be changed quite easily by selecting the box under "Default Font." Selecting this box will bring up a list of all the different font families that are currently installed on your system, along with the available styles for each font family. To change your font, choose the appropriate font family, style, and size and the click the button labeled "OK" at the bottom right of the window. Your font should change immediately. If it does not, the above note may help to solve the problem. A nice default font is "Ubuntu Regular 10," provided by the ubuntu-font-family package which can easily be installed using the following command:

# emerge ubuntu-font-family

If you are unhappy with the scaling of the fonts in XFCE, perhaps because you are using a hiDPI display, consider increasing the value next to "Custom DPI setting." Finally, to make many fonts appear more crisp and well-defined, increase the value in "Hinting" to "Medium" or "Full."

Settings

If you do not like having images in menus or buttons or you would like to change the way that toolbars are displayed, navigate to the "Settings" tab. To modify how toolbars appear in GTK+ applications, modify the "Toolbar Style" dropdown to your pleasing. Here is what the different toolbar styles look like:

StylePreview
IconsXfce4-settings toolbar icons.png
TextXfce4-settings toolbar text.png
Text under iconsXfce4-settings toolbar text under icons.png

To add or remove images on GTK+ buttons, check or uncheck the checkbox adjacent to "Show images on buttons." To remove those pesky little icons in menus, uncheck "Show images in menus."

Desktop (xfdesktop-settings)

The desktop section of xfce4-settings is, not surprisingly, focused on the customization of the XFCE desktop. It includes options to customize the wallpaper, desktop icons, and desktop menus.

Background

The first tab of the desktop section is titled "Background." This tab provides configuration options for the wallpaper of your XFCE desktop. To change the wallpaper for the current desktop, take note of the directory in which you have stored the image that you want to set as your wallpaper ~/Pictures/Wallpapers/, for example. Then, click the box next to "Folder" in the bottom of the Background tab. When you click this box, you will get a menu displaying some directories where your photos could be located. If the picture you wish to use is not in any of the listed directories, select "Other..." and a dialog called "select a file will open." Now, navigate to the parent directory of the directory in which your wallpapers are stored (~/Pictures in my case) and click on the icon for that directory (should be called Wallpapers for me). After selecting that directory, click "Open" in the bottom right of the "Select a file" dialog. Now you should be able to choose the wallpaper that you wanted from the "Wallpaper for my desktop" box in the Background tab. To change to that wallpaper, simply click on the image of the desired wallpaper and your background should change immediately.

Menus

The "Menus" tab controls the appearance of menus that appear on your desktop when you right and middle click.

Icons

Clicking on the tab labeled "Icons" allows you to customize the appearance of desktop icons. If you do not like having icons on your desktop and have struggled to find a way to remove the "Home," "Filesystem," and "Trash" icons from your desktop, you're in luck! Go to the bottom of the configuration dialog and uncheck all of the boxes in the "Default Icons" box. One by one, those pesky little icons will fade away into the nothingness that they deserve. Conversely, if you love desktop icons, you can always add more by right clicking on your desktop and selecting the appropriate "Create *" option in the menu that appears.

To remove the large tooltips that appear when you hover over an icon on your desktop, uncheck the box "Show icon tooltips" in xfce4-settings. You can also shrink the size of the tooltip icon, and hence the tooltip itself, by decreasing the value in the box next to "Size:"

Warning

The rest of this page is still 'under construction.'

File Manager (thunar-settings)