Difference between revisions of "Raspberry Pi 4"

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(→‎Pre-boot Configuration: purge run line, to make it less likely to require a make.conf in the future.)
 
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This guide draws heavily on [[Raspberry_Pi_2]]
This guide draws heavily on [[Raspberry_Pi_2]], [[Undead_USB_Install]], and [[Install]]


== What you need ==
== What you need ==
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# Raspberry PI 4
# Raspberry PI 4
# An existing Linux install [[Undead_USB_Install]] built with fchroot is a solid choice if you do not have funtoo installed on a hard drive.
# An existing Linux install [[Undead_USB_Install]] built with fchroot is a solid choice if you do not have funtoo installed on a hard drive.
# A [https://www.raspberrypi.org/help/faqs/#sdCards suitable SD card] for your PI.
# a 32GB or larger SD card, or [https://www.tomshardware.com/how-to/boot-raspberry-pi-4-usb USB if you have updated the firmware.]


==Prepare your SD card==
==Prepare your SD card==
List the device to be partitioned, mine is on /dev/sdc
Target your drive as outlined in the official install. [[Install/Prepare_Disk]]


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## lsblk -o name,size,label,partlabel
###i## cgdisk /dev/funtoo}}
}}


{{console|body=
*delete everything:
###i## gdisk /dev/sdc}}


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
Command: ##i##o
Command: ##i##new
This option deletes all partitions and creates a new protective MBR.
First sector: ##i## ↵
Proceed? (Y/N): ##i##y
Size: ##i## +1M ↵
Hex Code: ##i##EF02 ↵
Name: ##i##BIOS Boot
}}
}}


{{console|body=
*scroll down to the large chunk of free space:
Command: ##i##n ↵
Partition Number: ##i##1 ↵
First sector: ##i##↵
Last sector: ##i##+1M ↵
Hex Code: ##i##EF02 ↵
Command: ##i##c ↵
Partition number: ##i##1
Enter name: ##i##BIOS Boot
}}


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
Command: ##i##n ↵
Command: ##i##new
Partition Number: ##i##2
First sector: ##i##↵
First sector: ##i##↵
Last sector: ##i##+384M
Last sector: ##i##+256M
Hex Code: ##i##EF00 ↵
Hex Code: ##i##EF00 ↵
Command: ##i##c
Name: ##i##BOOT
Partition number: ##i##2
Enter name: ##i##BOOT
}}
}}
*scroll down to the large chunk of free space:


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
Command: ##i##n ↵
Command: ##i##new
Partition Number: ##i##3
First sector: ##i##↵
First sector: ##i##↵
Last sector: ##i##↵
Last sector: ##i##↵
Hex Code: ##i## 8305 ↵
Hex Code: ##i## 8305 ↵
Command: ##i##c
Name: ##i##FUNTOO
Partition number: ##i##3
Enter name: ##i##FUNTOO
}}
}}


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
Command: ##i##w ↵
                              Disk Drive: /dev/funtoo
Do you want to proceed? (Y/N): ##i##Y ↵
                            Size: 62333952, 29.7 GiB
}}


Part. #    Size        Partition Type            Partition Name
----------------------------------------------------------------
             1007.0 KiB  free space
             1007.0 KiB  free space
   1        1024.0 KiB  BIOS boot partition   BIOS Boot
   1        1024.0 KiB  BIOS boot partition   BIOS Boot
   2        256.0 MiB  EFI System                BOOT
   2        256.0 MiB  EFI System                BOOT
   3        29.5 GiB    Linux ARM64 root (/)      FUNTOO
   3        29.5 GiB    Linux ARM64 root (/)      FUNTOO
write
}}
quit
 
{{console|body=
Command: ##i##write
Do you want to proceed? (Y/N): ##i##yes ↵
Command: ##i##quit
}}


===Create File Systems===
===Create File Systems===
Line 72: Line 65:


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/sdc2
###i## mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/funtoo2
###i## fatlabel /dev/sdc2 "BOOT"
###i## fatlabel /dev/funtoo2 "BOOT"
###i## mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdc3
###i## mkfs.ext4 /dev/funtoo3
###i## e2label /dev/sdc3 "FUNTOO"
###i## e2label /dev/funtoo3 "FUNTOO"
}}
}}


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Mount your SD card:
Mount your SD card:
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## mount /dev/sdc3 /mnt/funtoo  
###i## mount /dev/funtoo3 /mnt/funtoo  
###i## mkdir /mnt/funtoo/boot
###i## mkdir /mnt/funtoo/boot
###i## mount /dev/sdc2 /mnt/funtoo/boot
###i## mount /dev/funtoo2 /mnt/funtoo/boot
}}
}}


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===Pre-boot Configuration===
===Pre-boot Configuration===
Edit your make.conf file to enable fchroot to compile:
*Edit your make.conf file to enable fchroot to compile:
 
{{console|body=
###i## nano /mnt/funtoo/etc/portage/make.conf
}}


{{file|name=/mnt/funtoo/etc/portage/make.conf|desk make.conf file|body=
{{file|name=/mnt/funtoo/etc/portage/make.conf|desk make.conf file|body=
FEATURES="-pid-sandbox"
FEATURES="-pid-sandbox"
PORTAGE_TMPDIR="/run"
GRUB_PLATFORMS="uboot"
}}
}}


Edit your fstab file so everything mounts correctly on boot:
*Edit your fstab file so everything mounts correctly on boot:
*Raspberry pi only supports partuuid and partlabel loading:
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## nano /mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab
###i## nano /mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab
Line 121: Line 117:
{{file|name=/mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab|body=
{{file|name=/mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab|body=
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
LABEL=BOOT /boot vfat noauto,noatime 1 2
PARTLABEL=BOOT /boot vfat noauto,noatime 1 2
LABEL=FUNTOO / ext4 noatime 0 1
PARTLABEL=FUNTOO / ext4 noatime 0 1
tmpfs /var/tmp/portage tmpfs uid=portage,gid=portage,mode=775,noatime 0 0
}}
}}


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===for a good time install [[Package:Fchroot]]===
===for a good time install [[Package:Fchroot]]===


'''as root''', start the binfmt service:
*Fchroot in:
 
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## /etc/init.d/binfmt restart
###i## cd /mnt/funtoo
###i## fchroot .
###i## export PS1="FUNTOO $PS1"
}}
}}


Finally perform the usually chroot routine (as described in detail in the Funtoo Linux Installation Guide):
====set your pass====
 
*Set yo password
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## cd /mnt/funtoo
###i## useradd -o -u 0 -g 0 funtoo && passwd funtoo && ego sync
###i## mount --rbind /run run
###i## fchroot .
}}
}}


*Set yo password
*compile in ram
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## passwd && ego sync
###i## mkdir /var/tmp/portage
###i## chown portage:portage /var/tmp/portage
###i## mount /var/tmp/portage
}}
}}


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
Line 152: Line 151:
###i## echo "sys-kernel/raspberrypi-image **" >> /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
###i## echo "sys-kernel/raspberrypi-image **" >> /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
###i## emerge raspberrypi-userland-bin raspberrypi-firmware raspberrypi-image
###i## emerge raspberrypi-userland-bin raspberrypi-firmware raspberrypi-image
}}
{{console|body=
###i## emerge -avuND @world
}}
}}


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{{file|name=/boot/config.txt|body=
{{file|name=/boot/config.txt|body=
disable_overscan=1
dtparam=audio=on
dtoverlay=vc4-fkms-v3d
max_framebuffers=2
arm_64bit=1
arm_64bit=1
kernel=kernel8.img
}}
disable_overscan=0
 
{{console|body=
###i## nano /boot/cmdline.txt
}}
}}


{{file|name=/boot/cmdline.txt|desc=Stifler's Mom|body=
{{file|name=/boot/cmdline.txt|desc=Stifler's Mom|body=
dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=ttyAMA0,115200 kgdboc=ttyAMA0,115200 console=tty1 root=LABEL=FUNTOO rootfstype=ext4 elevator=deadline rootwait
console=tty1 root=PARTLABEL=FUNTOO rootfstype=ext4 elevator=noop fsck.repair=yes quiet rootwait
}}
}}


==Clean unmount==
Set your timezone:
{{console|body=
###i## ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Detroit /etc/localtime
}}


Make sure all buffers have been flushed and unmount the temp directories:
*Set Services:
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## exit
###i## rc-update add dhcpcd default
###i## cd .. && sync
###i## rc-update add busybox-ntpd boot
###i## umount -lR funtoo
###i## rc-update add swclock boot
###i## rc-update del hwclock boot
###i## rc-update del swap boot
###i## echo "funtoo ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL" >> /etc/sudoers
}}
}}


==Booting the Raspberry Pi 4==
{{note|you should probably test that your pi boots at this point BEFORE emerging everything.}}
 
===Reboot and merge,or just merge===
*Set your profile:


{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## /etc/init.d/busybox-ntpd restart
###i## epro list
or
###i## epro flavor desktop
###i## date MMDDHHMMCCYY
###i## epro mix-in lxde
###i## echo "media-plugins/alsa-plugins pulseaudio" >> /etc/portage/package.use
###i## echo "net-print/cups -zeroconf" >> /etc/portage/package.use
###i## echo "gnome-base/gvfs -http" >> /etc/portage/package.use
###i## emerge xorg-x11 elogind pulseaudio networkmanager lightdm lxde-meta dillo
}}
}}


Next, set your timezone:
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Detroit /etc/localtime
###i## emerge -avuND @world
}}
}}


Set your profile with epro:
[[Install/Stage3_Desktop]]


{{console|body=
==Clean unmount==
###i## epro list
###i## epro flavor server
}}


Make sure all buffers have been flushed and unmount the temp directories:
{{console|body=
{{console|body=
###i## rc-update add dhcpcd default
###i## exit
###i## rc-update add busybox-ntpd sysinit
###i## cd .. && sync
###i## rc-update add swclock boot
###i## umount -lR funtoo
###i## rc-update del hwclock boot
###i## rc-update del swap boot
}}
}}


Now you can follow the [[Funtoo Linux Installation|Funtoo Install documentation]] to continue configuring your system.  You'll definitely want to look into {{Package|sys-devel/distcc}} if you are going to be adding lots of software to your system.
Now you can follow the [[Funtoo Linux Installation|Funtoo Install documentation]] to continue configuring your system.  You'll definitely want to look into {{Package|sys-devel/distcc}} if you are going to be adding lots of software to your system.

Latest revision as of 20:59, December 11, 2020

This guide draws heavily on Raspberry_Pi_2, Undead_USB_Install, and Install

What you need

  1. Raspberry PI 4
  2. An existing Linux install Undead_USB_Install built with fchroot is a solid choice if you do not have funtoo installed on a hard drive.
  3. a 32GB or larger SD card, or USB if you have updated the firmware.

Prepare your SD card

Target your drive as outlined in the official install. Install/Prepare_Disk

root # cgdisk /dev/funtoo
  • delete everything:
Command: new ↵
First sector: 
Size:  +1M ↵
Hex Code: EF02 ↵
Name: BIOS Boot ↵
  • scroll down to the large chunk of free space:
Command: new ↵
First sector: 
Last sector: +256M ↵
Hex Code: EF00 ↵
Name: BOOT ↵
  • scroll down to the large chunk of free space:
Command: new ↵
First sector: 
Last sector: 
Hex Code:  8305 ↵
Name: FUNTOO ↵
Disk Drive: /dev/funtoo
                            Size: 62333952, 29.7 GiB

Part. #     Size        Partition Type            Partition Name
----------------------------------------------------------------
            1007.0 KiB  free space
   1        1024.0 KiB  BIOS boot partition	  BIOS Boot
   2        256.0 MiB   EFI System                BOOT
   3        29.5 GiB    Linux ARM64 root (/)      FUNTOO
Command: write ↵
Do you want to proceed? (Y/N): yes ↵
Command: quit ↵

Create File Systems

Next, we need to create file systems on the partitions:

root # mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/funtoo2
root # fatlabel /dev/funtoo2 "BOOT"
root # mkfs.ext4 /dev/funtoo3
root # e2label /dev/funtoo3 "FUNTOO"

Prepare Your Boot Partition

Make mount points for your boot and root partitions on the SD card:

root # mkdir /mnt/funtoo

Mount your SD card:

root # mount /dev/funtoo3 /mnt/funtoo 
root # mkdir /mnt/funtoo/boot
root # mount /dev/funtoo2 /mnt/funtoo/boot

Get the Funtoo Files Onto the SD Card

Download the Necessary Files

Grab the latest Arm64_generic stage 3 file: Subarches

root # cd /mnt/funtoo
root # wget https://build.funtoo.org/1.4-release-std/arm-64bit/arm64_generic/2020-09-07/stage3-arm64_generic-1.4-release-std-2020-09-07.tar.xz

Extract the stage 3:

root # tar --numeric-owner --xattrs --xattrs-include='*' -xpf stage3*

Pre-boot Configuration

  • Edit your make.conf file to enable fchroot to compile:
root # nano /mnt/funtoo/etc/portage/make.conf
   /mnt/funtoo/etc/portage/make.conf
FEATURES="-pid-sandbox"
  • Edit your fstab file so everything mounts correctly on boot:
  • Raspberry pi only supports partuuid and partlabel loading:
root # nano /mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab
   /mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
PARTLABEL=BOOT /boot vfat noauto,noatime 1 2
PARTLABEL=FUNTOO / ext4 noatime 0 1
tmpfs /var/tmp/portage tmpfs uid=portage,gid=portage,mode=775,noatime 0 0

Chrooting into your new installation

for a good time install Package:Fchroot

  • Fchroot in:
root # cd /mnt/funtoo
root # fchroot .
root # export PS1="FUNTOO $PS1"

set your pass

  • Set yo password
root # useradd -o -u 0 -g 0 funtoo && passwd funtoo && ego sync
  • compile in ram
root # mkdir /var/tmp/portage
root # chown portage:portage /var/tmp/portage
root # mount /var/tmp/portage


root # echo "media-libs/raspberrypi-userland-bin **" >> /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
root # echo "sys-boot/raspberrypi-firmware **" >> /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
root # echo "sys-kernel/raspberrypi-image **" >> /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
root # emerge raspberrypi-userland-bin raspberrypi-firmware raspberrypi-image
root # nano /boot/config.txt
   /boot/config.txt
disable_overscan=1
dtparam=audio=on
dtoverlay=vc4-fkms-v3d
max_framebuffers=2
arm_64bit=1
root # nano /boot/cmdline.txt
   /boot/cmdline.txt - Stifler's Mom
console=tty1 root=PARTLABEL=FUNTOO rootfstype=ext4 elevator=noop fsck.repair=yes quiet rootwait

Set your timezone:

root # ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Detroit /etc/localtime
  • Set Services:
root # rc-update add dhcpcd default
root # rc-update add busybox-ntpd boot
root # rc-update add swclock boot
root # rc-update del hwclock boot
root # rc-update del swap boot
root # echo "funtoo ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL" >> /etc/sudoers
   Note

you should probably test that your pi boots at this point BEFORE emerging everything.

Reboot and merge,or just merge

  • Set your profile:
root # epro list 
root # epro flavor desktop
root # epro mix-in lxde
root # echo "media-plugins/alsa-plugins pulseaudio" >> /etc/portage/package.use
root # echo "net-print/cups -zeroconf" >> /etc/portage/package.use
root # echo "gnome-base/gvfs -http" >> /etc/portage/package.use
root # emerge xorg-x11 elogind pulseaudio networkmanager lightdm lxde-meta dillo
root # emerge -avuND @world

Install/Stage3_Desktop

Clean unmount

Make sure all buffers have been flushed and unmount the temp directories:

root # exit
root # cd .. && sync 
root # umount -lR funtoo

Now you can follow the Funtoo Install documentation to continue configuring your system. You'll definitely want to look into sys-devel/distcc if you are going to be adding lots of software to your system.