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Steam is a content delivery system available for GNU/Linux gaming.


In order to install Steam, we must first install app-portage/layman.

Once layman is installed and synced, we must add the steam-overlay repository:

root # layman -a steam-overlay
root # layman -S

Ok, now we can install steam by running:

root # emerge steam-launcher

install part 2

Make sure your user is in the 'games' group by typing:

root # groups youruser

If not add your user to the 'games' group by typing:

root # usermod -a -G games youruser

Your groups will not update until you log out and log back in again. You can check this by just entering in a terminal

root # groups

and if you just added yourself to the group games it will not appear there. However, if you would type "groups ouruser" like before, then you could see that you already added yourself to that group. Steam will not start properly until you have logged in as a member of the games group.

Steam has its own internal package management system. Portage will not track its files, or games installed. the ebuild simply pulls in the steam installer, to run the steam installer:

user $ /usr/games/bin/steam

The installer will prompt you with several questions, once done running the installer command will load the latest version of steam.

This will also create a desktop entry under ~/Desktop/steam.desktop


Text is corrupt or missing

Steam makes heavy usage of the Arial font. A decent Arial font to use is ttf-liberation.

root # emerge liberation-fonts
root # eselect fontconfig enable 60-liberation.conf

Steam segfaults after 2nd start!

I do not know much about this behaviour, but I found a workaround. If you saved your password, you need to backup all your games and reset Steam.

user $ mkdir -p ~/backup
user $ mv ~/.local/share/Steam/steamapps ~/backup
user $ steam --reset
user $ mv ~/backup ~/.local/share/Steam/steamapps

Start Steam again, enter username and password, but do not check "Remember my password", it is the thing that causes all the troubles. You will need to enter password every time you start Steam.

Missing textures (Screen in Dota 2 and other Source games is all red/black!)

Many steam games heavily rely on S3TC compressed textures, which require the libxtc_dxtn library to be compiled with 32bit support:

root # echo 'media-libs/libtxc_dxtn abi_x86_32' >> /etc/portage/package.use
root # emerge media-libs/libtxc_dxtn

OpenGL GLX context is not using direct rendering

This can happen when the latest version of mesa drivers conflict with steam's bundled libstdc++ libraries[1], especially when open source video card drivers are installed.

So that steam does not use its bundled libstdc++ libraries, they may be removed[2]:

root # rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/installed/libstdc++6-4.6-pic_4.6.3-1ubuntu5+srt4_amd64 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/installed/libstdc++6-4.6-pic_4.6.3-1ubuntu5+srt4_amd64.md5 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/installed/libstdc++6_4.8.1-2ubuntu1~12.04+steamrt2+srt1_amd64 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/installed/libstdc++6_4.8.1-2ubuntu1~12.04+steamrt2+srt1_amd64.md5 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/4.6/libstdc++_pic.a && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/4.6/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/usr/share/doc/libstdc++6 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/usr/share/doc/libstdc++6-4.6-pic && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/installed/libstdc++6-4.6-pic_4.6.3-1ubuntu5+srt4_i386 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/installed/libstdc++6-4.6-pic_4.6.3-1ubuntu5+srt4_i386.md5 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/installed/libstdc++6_4.8.1-2ubuntu1~12.04+steamrt2+srt1_i386 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/installed/libstdc++6_4.8.1-2ubuntu1~12.04+steamrt2+srt1_i386.md5 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/usr/lib/gcc/i686-linux-gnu/4.6/libstdc++_pic.a && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/usr/lib/gcc/i686-linux-gnu/4.6/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/usr/share/doc/libstdc++6 && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/usr/share/doc/libstdc++6-4.6-pic && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime.old/i386/usr/share/doc/libstdc++6


root # rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/amd64/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ && rm ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam-runtime/i386/lib/i386-linux-gnu/


To remove steam, and content in case of corruption:

user $ rm -rf .local/share/Steam
user $ rm -rf .Steam


[1]: higuita, Ev1l0rd. Problem with installing Steam on Ubuntu 15.04 - Ask Ubuntu, Ask Ubuntu, April 26th, 2015. Retrieved December 29th, 2015.

[2]: altiris. [SOLVED] Steam won't open, libGL errors, Arch Linux Forums, February 18, 2015. Retrieved July 14th, 2015.