Install/Finishing/es

From Funtoo
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Install/Finishing and the translation is 35% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
English • ‎español • ‎português do Brasil • ‎русский

Guia de Instalación: Finalizando

Install Guide, Chapter 16 < Prev Next >

Establecer tu contraseña de root

Es un requisito que establezcas una contraseña para root antes de reinicar, para que puedas hacer login.

(chroot) # passwd

Create a Regular User

It's also a good idea to create a regular user for daily use. If you're using GNOME, this is a requirement as you cannot log in to GDM (The GNOME Display Manager) as root. This can be accomplished as follows:

chroot # useradd -m drobbins

You will also likely want to add your primary user to one or more supplemental groups. Here is a list of important groups and their effect:

GroupDescription
wheelAllows your user account to 'su' to root. Recommended on your primary user account for easy maintenance. Also used with sudo.
audioAllows your user account to directly access audio devices. Required if using ALSA; otherwise optional.
plugdevAllows your user account work with various removable devices. Allows adding of a WiFi network in GNOME without providing root password. Recommended for desktop users.
portageAllows extended use of Portage as regular user. Recommended.

To add your user to multiple groups, use the usermod command, specifying a complete group list:

chroot # usermod -g wheel,audio,plugdev,portage drobbins

As with your root account, don't forget to set a password:

chroot # passwd drobbins
New password: **********
Retype new password: **********
passwd: password updated successfully

Reinicie su sistema

Ahora es el momento para dejar el chroot, desmontar las particiones y archivos Funtoo Linux y reiniciar la computadora. Cuando reinicies, el arrancador GRUB iniciará, cargará el kernel y el initramfs, y tu sistema empezará a arrancar.

Deja el chroot, cambia el directorio a /mnt, desmonta tus particiones Funtoo, y reinicia.

(chroot) # exit
root # cd /mnt
root # umount -lR funtoo
root # reboot
   Note

El System Rescue CD desmontará en forma segura tus nuevos sistemas de archivos Funtoo como parte de su secuencia normal de apagado.

Ahora deberías ver arrancar tu sistema, el arrancador GRUB aparecerá durante unos segunos y después verás cargándose el kernel de Linux y el initramfs. Después de esto, deberías ver el mismo Funtoo Linux iniciando, y dará la bienvenida con un mensaje login:. ¡Funtoo Linux ha sido instalado exitosamente!

Install Guide, Chapter 16 < Prev Next >