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Guia de Instalación: Finalizando

Install Guide, Chapter 16 < Prev Next >

Establecer tu contraseña de root

Es un requisito que establezcas una contraseña para root antes de reinicar, para que puedas hacer login.

(chroot) # passwd

Create a Regular User

It's also a good idea to create a regular user for daily use. If you're using GNOME, this is a requirement as you cannot log in to GDM (The GNOME Display Manager) as root. This can be accomplished as follows:

chroot # useradd -m drobbins

You will also likely want to add your primary user to one or more supplemental groups. Here is a list of important groups and their effect:

wheelAllows your user account to 'su' to root. Recommended on your primary user account for easy maintenance. Also used with sudo.
audioAllows your user account to directly access audio devices. Required if using ALSA; otherwise optional.
plugdevAllows your user account work with various removable devices. Allows adding of a WiFi network in GNOME without providing root password. Recommended for desktop users.
portageAllows extended use of Portage as regular user. Recommended.

To add your user to multiple groups, use the usermod command, specifying a complete group list:

chroot # usermod -G wheel,audio,plugdev,portage drobbins

As with your root account, don't forget to set a password:

chroot # passwd drobbins
New password: **********
Retype new password: **********
passwd: password updated successfully

Install an Entropy Generator

The Linux kernel uses various sources such as user input to generate entropy, which is in turn used for generating random numbers. Encrypted communications can use a lot of entropy, and often the amount of entropy generated by your system will not be sufficient. This is commonly an issue on headless server systems, which can also include ARM systems such as Raspberry Pi, and can result in slower than normal ssh connections among other issues.

To compensate for this, a user-space entropy generator can be emerged and enabled at boot time. We will use haveged in this example, although others are available, such as rng-tools.

chroot # emerge haveged
chroot # rc-update add haveged default

Haveged will now start at boot and will augment the Linux kernel's entropy pool.

Reinicie su sistema

Ahora es el momento para dejar el chroot, desmontar las particiones y archivos Funtoo Linux y reiniciar la computadora. Cuando reinicies, el arrancador GRUB iniciará, cargará el kernel y el initramfs, y tu sistema empezará a arrancar.

Deja el chroot, cambia el directorio a /mnt, desmonta tus particiones Funtoo, y reinicia.

(chroot) # exit
root # cd /mnt
root # umount -lR funtoo
root # reboot

El System Rescue CD desmontará en forma segura tus nuevos sistemas de archivos Funtoo como parte de su secuencia normal de apagado.

Ahora deberías ver arrancar tu sistema, el arrancador GRUB aparecerá durante unos segunos y después verás cargándose el kernel de Linux y el initramfs. Después de esto, deberías ver el mismo Funtoo Linux iniciando, y dará la bienvenida con un mensaje login:. ¡Funtoo Linux ha sido instalado exitosamente!

Install Guide, Chapter 16 < Prev Next >