Install/Finishing/zh-cn

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安装指南:告一段落

Install Guide, Chapter 16 < Prev Next >

设置根用户密码

重启前一定要设置好 root 密码,这样才能登录。

chroot # passwd
New password: **********
Retype new password: **********
passwd: password updated successfully

创建常规用户

It's also a good idea to create a regular user for daily use. If you're using GNOME, this is a requirement as you cannot log in to GDM (The GNOME Display Manager) as root. This can be accomplished as follows:

chroot # useradd -m drobbins

You will also likely want to add your primary user to one or more supplemental groups. Here is a list of important groups and their effect:

GroupDescription
wheelAllows your user account to 'su' to root. Recommended on your primary user account for easy maintenance. Also used with sudo.
audioAllows your user account to directly access audio devices. Required if using ALSA; otherwise optional.
plugdevAllows your user account work with various removable devices. Allows adding of a WiFi network in GNOME without providing root password. Recommended for desktop users.
portageAllows extended use of Portage as regular user. Recommended.

To add your user to multiple groups, use the usermod command, specifying a complete group list:

chroot # usermod -G wheel,audio,plugdev,portage drobbins

和 root 账户一样,不要忘记设置密码。

chroot # passwd drobbins
New password: **********
Retype new password: **********
passwd: password updated successfully

安装熵发生器

Linux 内核使用各种来源,如用户输入来产生熵,而熵又用于产生随机数。加密通信可能会使用大量的熵,往往你的系统产生的熵量是不够的。这通常是无头服务器系统上的问题,其中也可以包括 Raspberry Pi 等 ARM 系统,并可能导致比正常的 ssh 连接更慢等问题。

To compensate for this, a user-space entropy generator can be emerged and enabled at boot time. We will use haveged in this example, although others are available, such as rng-tools.

chroot # emerge haveged
chroot # rc-update add haveged default

Haveged will now start at boot and will augment the Linux kernel's entropy pool.

重启系统

现在退出 chroot 环境,卸载 Funtoo Linux 分区和文件,重启电脑。重启后,GRUB 启动引导器会启动,并加载 Linux 内核及 initramfs,之后系统会开始启动。

离开 chroot 环境,将当前工作目录更改为 /mnt,卸载 Funtoo 分区,并且重启电脑。

chroot # exit
root # cd /mnt
root # umount -lR funtoo
root # reboot
   Note

系统恢复 CD 会将卸载新的 Funtoo 分区过程作为自身一般的关机步骤来处理。

现在应该可以看到已经系统重启,过几秒 GRUB 引导器界面会显示,接下来能看到 Linux 内核以及 initramfs 加载。之后,应该可以看到 Funtoo Linux 启动。并且应该看到 login: 提示。至此即成功安装了 Funtoo Linux。

Install Guide, Chapter 16 < Prev Next >