Funtoo Linux Localization
Set Default Language
On Funtoo, there are two configuration files responsible for your language settings:
/etc/env.d/00basic. First file has only en_US.UTF-8 locale enabled. Last one is a default shipped file comes from stage3 and responsible for en_US.UTF-8 locale system-wide. Not recommended to edit.
The following steps will guide you through the process of setting up the default system language, using French Canadian as an example.
First you will need to edit
# nano -w /etc/locale.gen
Specify your preferred locale with the accompanying character format (you will mostly want UTF-8):
It is recommended to keep the preconfigured en_US.UTF-8 locale as a fallback.
en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 fr_CA.UTF-8 UTF-8
To determine an appropriate locale for your system, you should take a look into
/usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED for the default list of supported combinations or check the
/usr/share/i18n/locales/ directory for a list of valid values.
You are strongly advised to use at least one UTF-8 locale since some applications may require it.
Now, those locales need to be generated:
# locale-gen * Generating 2 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs * (1/2) Generating en_US.UTF-8 ... [ ok ] * (2/2) Generating fr_CA.UTF-8 ... [ ok ] * Generation complete
Once done, you can apply your locale settings system-wide. First display all available options:
$ eselect locale list Available targets for the LANG variable:  C  POSIX  fr_CA.utf8  en_US.utf8 * [ ] (free form)
The blue star indicates the current default system locale. You can now change it according your wishes:
# eselect locale set 3 Setting LANG to fr_CA.utf8 ... Run ". /etc/profile" to update the variable in your shell.
Alternatively, you can set the default locale manually. This file should be created first with your prefered editor:
You can verify your actions using:
$ eselect locale show LANG variable in profile: fr_CA.utf8
For an immediate effect it is required to reload the environment:
# env-update && source /etc/profile >>> Regenerating /etc/ld.so.cache...
Congratulations! You have successfully set up your default language on Funtoo.
Portage uses a special variable
L10N that defines what localizations/translations get installed by default. By default,
L10N is unset, which only builds the packages' default language.
It is possible to customize the setting of
L10N by setting it in
/etc/portage/make.conf(bash source code)
# Install English (United States) and Chinese (China) translations (if available) L10N="en-US zh-CN"
LI10N variable should use spaces between each localization name. A list of all supported languages can be found in
Some old packages still use the deprecated
LINGUAS variable. You can set it in
/etc/portage/make.conf(bash source code)
It uses the same syntax, but uses other language codes which can be found in
After setting the
LINGUAS USE flags you may need to re-emerge some packages:
# emerge --ask --newuse --deep --with-bdeps=y @world
Read Your Language
A newly installed Funtoo Linux does not able to read all the languages. You want to read the stuff, say, in Mozilla Firefox. You need to install fonts - A good sign that you have not installed the proper fonts is that the following characters appear as boxes with numbers inside: 日本語フォント
Check if you have your language installed (Chinese) by using the
fc-list command from the
# fc-list :lang=zh
If you are lucky, the right font will be installed, and your apps will also be able to use Chinese as the default language. But in case you not have the right font installed in this way, you need to install them manually.
# emerge media-fonts/kochi-substitute
# emerge media-fonts/arphicfonts
# emerge media-fonts/baekmuk-fonts
A very good alternative could be a Noto Fonts by Google, claimed to be a fonts with widest language support:
# emerge media-fonts/noto
Funtoo Linux defaults to a US English keyboard. If you are using another type of keyboard, edit
/etc/conf.d/keymaps and set keymap to your keyboard model. For example, cf for French Canadian keyboard, fr for French Azerty.
# nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps
ibus is an Intelligent Input Bus for Linux.
# emerge -av ibus
You also need to install language table for ibus (Chinese)
# emerge -av ibus-table-chinese